Born : ,26th September 1849
Died, : 27th February 1939(age 86)
Leningrad , soviet Union
Residence,: Russia,Empire,Soviet Union
Nationality : Russia , Soviet
Field , : Physiologist , physician
The famous physiologist Mr. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov is the eldest child among the eleven children of Russian village Priest Mr. Peter Dmittrievich Pavlov who had married with Ms. Varyara Ivanoyna Uspenskya the mother of the eleven children, Mr. Ivan pavlove was born in September 14, 1849. He lived 87 years and was passed away on February 27.1936.
On his child hood Pavlov mostly attended in home duties, such as doing the foods, and taking care of his brothers and sisters, he loved to garden, ride bicycle, also some sea sports, he dedicate his summer holiday to some other activities. In the age of 7 he is able to read, unfortunately he was not lucky enough to attend any formal schooling up to 11 years, due to serious injuries, he was fell down from a high wall onto the stone pavement, he was graduated from the Ryazan Church School before entering the local theological seminary. M. Pavlov left the seminary in 1870 without graduating to attend the university at St.Petersburg for natural science course.
The project on the physiology of the nerves of the pancreas done on the fourth year was his first research and he was awarded the prestigious university award for his outstanding research. Pavlov completed his course with brilliant record and got a degree of candidate of natural science, he decides to continue his studies and proceeded to the academy of Medical Surgieory, but he had a high interest in physiology, he have taken place some important positions of famous clinic’s and institutes, still he continue his researches, he presented his doctors thesis on the subject of “Centrifugal nerves of the heart’
During his studies he has met Ms. Seraphim called Sara for short, in 1878 or 1879 at the pedagogical institute in St.petersburg while she was studying. Ivan Pavlov married with Sara on 1st may 1881, she was just 26 years old.Mr Pavlov married life or family life not very successful as he medical life, they have lots of problem faced especially financial issues, Pavlov and Sara had stay with others in order to have house, Sara’s first pregnancy ended up in a miscarriage. Sara and Ivan eventually had four more children after died their first child. Sara’s later years she had lots of ill health issues and was not feeling good at all, and was died in 1947.
Though Pavlov had unsuccessful personal life he has good reputation and amazing carrier on his field, his first primary interest were the study of physiology and natural science.
Pavlov discovered classical conditioning virtually by accident.He wanted study the role of salivation in digestion.
While he was doing his research on the digestive function of a dog he noted his subjected will salivate before the delivery of food dog would salivate to the presence of a stimulus other than food, the dog turned this responses a conditional reflex, also Pavlov discovered that these reflexes originated in the cerebral Cortes of the brain. he presented a variety of stimuli before the presentation of food, in a series of “well known experiments”, which he received considerable acclaim for his work and including a 1901 appointment to the Russian academy of science and the 1904 Nobel prize in physiology,
Common Wonders in Classical Conditioning
They are generalization, discrimination, and extinction
This will occur when similar stimuli to condition Stimuli produce condition response .for example students have fear to fail English and Mathematics but even though he failed in English test.so English and E.S are similar stimulus to the mathematics test and they produced condition response themselves .
Discrimination is the ability to differentiate between similar and stimuli. For example students have fear to fail during mathematics but not E.S test .This means that students understand discrimination between appropriate and inappropriate situation for response.
Extinction is the deduction of original source of learning. Classical condition extinction will help by repeatedly giving condition stimuli without the unconditional stimuli .so ,students behavior will decrease . for example: If he repeatedly pass his fear of mathematics will be disappeared.
Up to today his work had major influence on the field specially the development of behaviorism, also discovered and research on reflexes influenced the growing behaviorist movement. As earlier mentioned he was named and won the 1904 Nobel Prize for physiology, like many more he awarded “order of the Legion of Honor” in 1915 by the medical academy of Paris
The concept of classical conditioning was established by a Russian physiologist,
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936). According to Papalia, Feldman, & Olds, they define the classical conditioning is a “type of learning which based on the association of a stimulus does not ordinarily elicit particular response with another stimulus that does elicit that response” .This means that two stimuli repeatedly experienced it will be associated. For example. If a student’s repeatedly meets their unfriendly teacher with . lots of work , difficult questions ,lots of homework they may dislike mathematics.
Application of the theory to the classroom
This theory is very useful to the classroom teaching :
- Through conditioning (training) good habits can be formed
Example. Giving stars for the students those who finished work on time.
- 2. Through conditioning feeling, teacher can teach effectively.
Example: Smiling Face.
4. It improve positive behavior teacher can demonstrate positive behavior and let them repeat the behavior.
5. Conditioning enables the students to change his outlook.
6. Develop Thoughtfulness Examples. Teach through using moral stories and related pictures.
8. Fear, love or hatred created towards an object or events.
9. Most of the learning is associated with the process of conditioning from the start. Example . “say bismillah before started eating something .
10. According to (Jashodhara Purkayastha , 2009,)Parents at home and teachers at school show affection, loving attitude, and sympathetic treatment produce a desirable impact on children through the process of conditioning.
By Jamie |EME 2040 | November18,2012
Teachers can use classical conditioning to quiet down the students. According to (Christina stoecker, 2012,) for examples , first day of the classroom student , talk and walk, in to the class and teacher sit at a chair .Then teacher goes toward the board and when ready to teach children silent down. Second day teacher goes near to the board and ready to teach but student are talkative .so teacher asks to be quite. And third day when the teacher walk near the board, automatically students silent.